- What is a Neighbourhood Development Plan?
- Drawing up a Neighbourhood Development Plan
- Funding for Neighbourhood Development Plans
- Other forms of Neighbourhood Plan
- Neighbourhood Development Plan checklist
What is a Neighbourhood Development Plan?
What the community wants to see happen in the area
- the vision, issues and opportunities for change
Where it could happen
- the sites and places where change can be encouraged
How it could happen
- what those changes could be
- options for and ultimately designations of land uses
- the policy encouragement and constraints on change
When it could happen
- an idea of time frame
- the plan can help set some principles for change in the area which development must meet
- It must be based on evidence of need
Projects to make the place better
- identified by the community; these can be shown as opportunities in the Plan
Community: Making the plan should include everyone
Remember: it must help development happen and should be realistic about the opportunities for change
Drawing up a Neighbourhood Development Plan
Under the Localism Act 2011, communities were given the power to draw up their own Neighbourhood (Development) Plans which would then be adopted as policy by the Local Planning Authority.
The Act refers to Neighbourhood Plans but this has led to confusion because not all Neighbourhood Plans are spatial plans, that is about building and developing the area; in Bristol therefore we refer to the plans as Neighbourhood Development Plans – NDP.
In Bristol, the local authority area is not broken down into separate parishes so there is no body already in place to draw up a NDP for an area. The community therefore has to identify the area which it would like the NDP to cover, this is called the Neighbourhood Planning Area NPA, and be confirmed as the appropriate body to carry out the task ie the Neighbourhood Planning Forum NPF.
A Neighbourhood Development Plan NDP, using powers in the Localism Act, has statutory ‘weight‘, that means it is a planning policy document which is an important consideration when future development proposals for the area are assessed.
Requirements for designating a Neighbourhood Planning Area and becoming a Neighbourhood Planning Forum in Bristol are on the BCC website.
Any group or person considering applying should discuss this with the BCC strategic planning officer before making the application.
- Agree NPA boundaries.
- No two groups may cover the same area, so the boundaries of a NPA must be agreed so that adjoining communities are neither excluded from involvement in the plan nor included against their wishes, for instance if they wish to do their own plan.
- The area plan will be subject to a referendum in order to become policy. The people within the area plan will all have a vote and the process for setting up a vote for an area in the city has yet to be tested. The city is divided into wards and then subdivided into super output areas, and all census information and voting processes are based on those areas. Aligning a boundary with those may make evidence collecting and referendum voting easier. However this is not a requirement.
- Local Ward councillors will be involved; there may be advantages in considering ward boundaries when setting out the NPA, but this is not a requirement.
- Set up a Neighbourhood Planning Forum
- A minimum of 21 people are needed.
- Those 21 should be ‘representative’ of the community ie they should come from across the whole area, be from both local workers and residents, as well as local ward councillors, from different sections of the community eg from different ethnic groups, age etc, or a consultation strategy which ensures that all those sectors of the community are involved in drawing up the plans.
- the NPF must be set up to promote or improve the social, economic and environmental well-being of the area that has been designated and the purpose of the organisation reflects (in general terms) the character of the area.
BCC has set out guidance on applying to be the NPF
see also the links at bottom of this page.
Funding for Neighbourhood Development Plans
Locality has funding for groups drawing up NDP.
Other forms of Neighbourhood Plan
A Neighbourhood Development Plan may not be right for your area, if you cannot identify sites where development should take place. It is not an appropriate tool to protect areas from development, unless areas where development is acceptable can also be identified.
If you chose to do a Community Plan, but not to become a Neighbourhood Planning Forum and take your Neighbourhood Development Plan to public referendum under the provisions of the Localism Act 2011, your plan will not be a statutory planning document, with the most ‘weight’.
Neighbourhood Development Plan checklist
Agree what area you will cover:
You will need to establish the boundaries of your area. This must be done in conversation with the community as well as with the councillors and planning officers. It is important that your area does not include an area that wants to do its own plan or leave out an area that wants to be included. This is the start of your consultation process.
The Neighbourhood Planning Forum (NPF) will have to show how they have consulted the wider community in drawing up their plans. Start consultation early. The earlier that people are involved the better able they are to have an effect on the plan and the more they will feel that they have ‘ownership’ of the plan. This will be important when they vote at referendum stage. If they have not been involved in drawing up the plan they may not support it. See Old Market Quarter website for a description of their consultation process using the Wish Cart.
Everyone in the community need to be given the chance to get involved. The NPF should make sure that they consider how each of these groups can get involved. Identifying people who can talk to schools, community groups and organisations, business owners and local traders etc is important to get right early in the process. You will need to give evidence to the inspector how you have done this. Keep a detailed record of your consultation processes and responses.
Showcase your consultation:
Consider a range of different methods of consultation. Not everyone uses a computer or comes to meetings. Use local newsletters, posters in shops etc, as well as emails and websites. Go to events where there are people already gathering eg school gates, mother and toddler groups, local shopping centres, community meetings.
Learn from the consultation:
You will discover other people do not have the same view of the neighbourhood that you do. This needs to inform your plan. The wider the consultation the more you will learn about the way that the wider community feels about the area, and the better the plan will reflect the aspirations of the whole community, not just the 21 people in the NPF.
Draw up your plan:
This does not have to be done by a professional planning consultant. It is a community plan and can be a simple document. There is some help from organisations to help with drawing up the plan, and some funding, but it is not the intention that the plan is a professionally produced document. The more clear and concise that it is, the less confusion about what the intention of each policy/ site proposal is, the less potential will be for lawyers to argue against compliance when the plan is adopted.
Draw up your Policies:
Plan and policies have to be in general conformity with national and local policy. Check the Bristol Local Plan, West of England Joint Spatial Plan and the National Planning Policy Framework. Do not duplicate any policies that are already in local, regional or national policy.
Keep the planning officers involved:
Depending on what level of assistance your group has been identified as eligible for (see BCC page for details), planning officers may attend your meetings if invited. It is a good idea to keep them aware of all discussions you are having particularly with developers and if you are proposing development on BCC held land. They can help advise on who to consult and can put you in touch with some groups. They can identify sources of funding, assistance and information. They will do an Enviromental Assessment if this is necessary. They can also help publicise the consultation. They may also advise on the scope of policies and help with where there is duplication or discrepancies between your policies and local or national policy.
Use the guidance and learn from other groups:
A number of bodies have drawn up guidance on how to do Neighbourhood Plans. Training events and discussion groups are also useful sources of help and information. See links below. Contact them and find out what help they can give and at what stage. See also Neighbourhood Plans that have already been adopted.
Links to advice and guidance.
Bristol City Council Neighbourhood Planning guidance page
Your Place, your plan Basic guide to why to do a Neighbourhood Plan
-TCPA: Town and Country Planning Association
How to shape where you live:
– a CPRE guide to neighbourhood planning
BCC/Planning Aid Masterclass papers.
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