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Last revised July 12, 2017

A building is classified as a particular type of use.
eg A1 = shop, C1 = Hotel, D2 = Assembly and Leisure

Change of use is classed as development and as such requires planning permission, however planning approval is not required for some changes of use for example, for a pub to a shop. Under the previous and current government administration more permitted development changes of use have been brought in.

A revised General Permitted Development Order was published in 2015

The Town and Country Planning (General Permitted Development) (England) Order 2015

Note: some permitted development rights for eg house extensions may vary within Conservation Areas.


 Part 1: Permitted Development

Change of Use

Class A – restaurants, cafes, takeaways or pubs to retail
Class B – takeaways or pubs to restaurants and cafes
Class C – retail, betting office or pay day loan shop or casino to restaurant or cafe
Class D – shops to financial and professional
Class E – financial and professional or betting office or pay day loan shop to shops
Class F – betting offices or pay day loan shops to financial and professional
Class G – retail or betting office or pay day loan shop to mixed use
Class H – mixed use to retail
Class I – industrial and general business conversions
Class J – retail or betting office or pay day loan shop to assembly and leisure
Class K – casinos to assembly and leisure
Class L – small HMOs to dwellinghouses and vice versa
Class M – retail or betting office or pay day loan shop to dwellinghouses
Class N – specified sui generis uses to dwellinghouses
Class O – offices to dwellinghouses
Class P – storage or distribution centre to dwellinghouses
Class Q – agricultural buildings to dwellinghouses
Class R – agricultural buildings to a flexible commercial use
Class S – agricultural buildings to state-funded school or registered nursery
Class T – business, hotels etc to state-funded schools or registered nursery
Class U – return to previous use from converted state-funded school or registered nursery
Class V – changes of use permitted under a permission granted on an application

Part 4: Temporary uses

Class A – temporary buildings and structures
Class B – temporary use of land
Class C – use as a state-funded school for a single academic year
Class D – shops, financial, cafes, takeaways, pubs etc to temporary flexible use
Class E – temporary use of buildings or land for film-making purposes


Under the Amendment published in 2016

Class M retail and specified sui generis uses to dwellinghouses,  has been changed to include Launderettes–

Class PA – premises in light industrial use to dwellinghouses has been added

For householder permitted development works see the link here.


See the link below to find out more about Use Classes

See the Planning Portal website for more details of when a planning application is needed for change of use.

see Use classes and Change of use